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The Important Components Of An Air Conditioner

The various sections of an air conditioner work harmoniously to give cold or hot air to the room, much like the many pieces of an orchestra provide soothful music. When everything is running perfectly, you may not even be aware that your air conditioner is made up of several different parts inside the unassuming box.

However, if you look closer, you’ll see an intricate network of air conditioner parts that would be needed forĀ air conditioner installation Houston TX.

Condenser Coil

The evaporator coil is positioned in the interior unit of a mini-split air conditioner as opposed to the air handler of a central air conditioning system. Before approaching the evaporator coils, the refrigerant, which is now flowing through the system, is cooled to a low temperature. Your HVAC system draws heated air from your house and blows it over cool evaporator coils to remove heat and cool the air. The cold air is circulated within your home by fans situated behind the evaporator coil, lowering the temperature.


The compressor is the workhorse of air conditioning and is arguably the most significant of all air conditioner components. The compressor for central and split systems is housed in the outside unit. The compressor, often the most expensive element of the system, is the main energy consumer for an air conditioner.

Inverter Coil

The condenser coil, which is the evaporator’s opposite, extracts heat from the refrigerant and releases it into the environment outside. It may be found in your air conditioner’s outside unit.

With a fan pushing heat away, the evaporator coil operates efficiently in the opposite direction from the condenser. You might feel hot air flowing out of your air conditioner’s outside unit if you stand outside of it. This is the heat being released by the condenser when the refrigerant transitions from a hot vapor to a hot liquid.

Decompression Valve

Another tiny device, known as an expansion valve is located between the condenser and evaporator. The refrigerant can no longer absorb the heat since it has changed its state to a liquid. The refrigerant experiences a reduction in pressure at the expansion valve, where it expands into a gas and rapidly cools. The air conditioning cycle is repeated using this gaseous, cooled refrigerant in the evaporator coils.

How Do The Parts Of An Air Conditioner Work Together?

Knowing the main components of an air conditioner and how they interact makes sense now that you are familiar with them.

The cooling cycle will be our first focus. In the compressor, the refrigerant is compressed into a hot, high-pressure liquid. With the aid of a large fan, this liquid is cooled as it moves toward the condenser coils. The refrigerant is then swiftly expanded by the expansion valve, turning it into a chilly, low-pressure gas. What chills your room is this cooled gas? The evaporator coils are where it is done. A fan in the interior unit sweeps warm inside air over the coils when they become chilly, lowering the temperature.